FARINACCI, ROBERTO° (1892–1945), leading antisemite in the Italian Fascist regime. A socialist until 1914, Farinacci became one of the founders of the Fascist movement in March 1919. He served as a member of the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo, as a member of parliament, and, between 1925 and 1926, as Fascist Party secretary. Farinacci represented the fanatic and extremist element in the Fascist leadership. In 1921 he founded a daily newspaper, Cremona Nuova, later renamed Il Regime Fascista, which he edited until 1945. In this newspaper he advocated a strong line against the opponents of the regime, closer relations with Nazi Germany, and the adoption of a racist, antisemitic policy. From 1938 he was one of those who directed the Fascist government's racist policy. His antisemitic   book, La Chiesa e gli Ebrei, was published in 1938. He also wrote Storia della rivoluzione fascista (3 vols., 1940). In July 1943 he fled to Germany, but later returned to Italy, where he was executed by Italian partisans in April 1945. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. de Felice, Storia degli ebrei italiani sotto il fascismo (1961); Roth, Italy, 522, 525; Milano, Italia, 691; P. Pellicano, Ecco il diavolo, Israele\! (1938); Starr, in: JSOS, 1 (1939), 105–24. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Fornari, Mussolini's Gadfly: Roberto Farinacci (1971); U.A. Grimaldi, Farinacci, il piu fascista (1972); R.A. Rozzi, I cremonesi e Farinacci (1991). (Daniel Carpi)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Farinacci, Roberto — (1892–1945)    Before World War I, Farinacci was a railway worker and prominent labor boss in the Lombardy town of Cremona. Astreet fighter called by a British historian “one of the more illiterate and brutish of the hierarchy,” he was rooted in… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Farinacci, Roberto — ▪ Italian politician born Oct. 16, 1892, Isernia, Italy died April 28, 1945, Vimercate       radical Italian politician and Fascist ras, or local party boss, who helped Benito Mussolini rise to power in 1922 and who became an important figure in… …   Universalium

  • Roberto Farinacci — (Isernia, 16 octobre 1892 – Vimercate, 28 avril 1945) est un homme politique et journaliste italien. Il a été secrétaire du Parti national fasciste. Sommaire 1 La jeunesse 2 L ascension dans le parti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roberto Farinacci — (* 16. Oktober 1892 in Isernia, Molise; † 28. April 1945) war italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker. Er war Sekretär der Partito Nazionale Fascista. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jugendzeit 2 Die „rechte Hand“ Musso …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roberto Farinacci — (October 16 1892 mdash; April 28 1945) was a leading Italian Fascist politician, and important member of the National Fascist Party (PNF) before and during World War II, and one of its ardent anti Semitic proponents.Early lifeBorn in Isernia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Farinacci — ist der Name folgender Personen: Jorge Farinacci (1949–2006), sozialistischer puerto ricanischer Politiker Roberto Farinacci (1892–1945), italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farinacci —   [ nattʃi], Roberto, italienischer Politiker, * Isernia (Provinz Campobasso) 16. 10. 1892, ✝ Vimercate (Provinz Mailand) 28. 4. 1945; schloss sich 1919 den Faschisten an. Er trat als einer der Führer ihres radikalen Flügels hervor und schuf sich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Farinacci (surname) — There are a number of people who share this surname:*Jorge Farinacci (1949 2006), the Puerta Rican politician *Daniella Farinacci, an Australian actress of Italian descent *Prospero Farinacci (1554 1816), an Italian lawyer and judge *Roberto… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Fa — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camicie nere — Benito Mussolini Schwarzhemden (ital. camicie nere oder squadristi) ist die Bezeichnung für die Mitglieder der Fasci di Combattimento, der faschistischen Kampfbünde im Italien der Zwischenkriegszeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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